What is the best treatment for chilblains?

  • January 7, 2022

Chilblains are problems which arise on the foot which are more common in the wintry climates. Knowing the reason for any problem goes a long way to help understanding what is occurring with them, ways to avoid them and approaches to treat chilblains. This is definitely the case with chilblains. Since they solely occurs in wintry climates, they are not really a result of the cold. Many people who do not get them get cold as well and they don't develop chilblains. Furthermore, some individuals develop chilblains with even little alterations in temperatures and it not being too chilly. This means that there is lots more going on than simply the cold that typically will get held responsible for causing them.

In the skin there are a lot of tiny arteries (the microcirculation) that help normalize temperature within the body. Whenever we become cold, those arteries tighten to conserve heat deeper within the body. If we are warm, these blood vessels open up and convey the blood closer to the surface in order that we can dissipate warmth to cool our bodies. This is an important normal functionality. With a chilblain the capillaries close up like they normally should, however when the foot is warmed, the arteries stay constricted when they shouldn't be. This means that harmful toxins start to build up in the skin and there's no blood flow to get rid of them. This will cause an inflamation related reaction and the release of chemical substances making the chilblain painful and itchy. Ultimately the capillaries will open and the rapid rush of blood to the area causes even more irritation and also pain. The primary look is mostly a darker bluish patch, but it can be a reddish colored look after that rush of blood. If the malfunction is recurring on a regular basis, then chilblains could become a significant chronic sore.

Just the reason why in certain individuals the blood vessels stay constricted for a longer time in wintry climates in unknown. They tend to be more prevalent in women, indicating that there could be some kind of hormone imbalances influence on the process. On the other hand, males do will also get them, thus if it is hormone linked, then that is not the sole factor. Unexpectedly for an issue that can be so prevalent, there is fairly little research been done to try and investigate chilblains in greater depth.

Making use of this understanding of the main cause can certainly help people prevent and treat chilblains. Needless to say an important thing to do is just not let the feet get cold whilst keeping them warm. Should they become cold, then it's really important that they are warmed up very slowly and gradually in order for the microcirculation to get a chance to respond to the higher demand in the tissues and the capillaries can open up to meet that demand. Because of this the waste products do not build up and the inflammatory reaction process is not started. Once that pathology has started, then your course of treatment has to go on to minimize that inflammation process and help remove those waste material that have built up within the skin.